KI'12 Tutorial: Designing AmI - a hands-on tutorial on designing ambient intelligence environments

Half-day tutorial at the German Conference on Artificial Intelligence - September 24-27, 2012 - DFKI, Saarbrücken

Abstract

Designing complex Artificial Intelligence systems like ambient intelligence environments (AIE) is a task performed by design teams with team members coming from different domains with different expertise (Maass & Janzen, 2012). Shared understanding between members of a design team throughout such a project is still a challenge (Larsen & Naumann, 1992).

The tutorial illuminates the challenges of designing AIE embedded in a complex social network (Winograd & Flores, 1986) and gives a brief survey concerning existing design methods in Artificial Intelligence, Human-Computer-Interaction and Software Engineering regarding their applicability in the field of AIE (e.g., Russell & Norvig, 1995; Negnetvitsky, 2005; Royce, 1987; Boehm, 1988; Larman & Basili, 2003). These current design methods provide a limited view on the design process by exclusively addressing specific experts in the design team, for instance software engineers. Regarding AIE as an innovative class of Artificial Intelligence systems, there exists no design method that addresses their specific characteristics in a holistic manner and guides design teams in developing AIE by “getting all on board”. Comprehensive methodical approaches and specific design knowledge in the sense of boundary objects (Star & Griesemer, 1989) are required to create a common understanding in the design team.

In the tutorial, a generic design framework is presented that integrates individual implicit design knowledge, explicit design knowledge used by design teams, and computational design knowledge (Maass & Janzen, 2012). For each type of design knowledge, several modeling languages for expressing conceptual models are introduced and will be discussed in the tutorial. Translation processes between these characteristic design knowledge explications will be shown by enabling hands-on experiences. Core elements of this design framework, i.e., modeling languages, e.g., OWL, and translations, will be applied and discussed by the participants when designing an exemplary AIE.


Date and Format

Monday, 24th of September 2012, 9-12 a.m. - E1_3, Room 0.14


Registration

Please registrate for the tutorial via KI'12 website. Also send a short statement of interest to sabine.janzen@iss.uni-saarland.de.


Schedule

  1. Welcome and opening remarks by organizers
  2. Challenges in designing AIE
  3. Design method for AIE
  4. Design your AIE - (a) Getting in touch with diverse types of design knowledge (hands-on); (b) Translating design knowledge (hands-on)
  5. Discussion

Downloads


Organizers

  • Sabine Janzen (M.Sc.) - Research Associate at chair in Information and Service Systems (ISS), Saarland University
  • Prof. Dr.-Ing. Wolfgang Maass - Chair in Information and Service Systems (ISS), Saarland University

Selected Papers

  • Maass, W. & Varshney, U.; Design and Evaluation of Ubiquitous Information Systems and Use in Healthcare (to appear), Decision Support Systems, 2012.
  • Maass, W. & Janzen, S.; Design Engineering by Design Knowledge and Translations, 7th Int. Conf. on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST 2012), Las Vegas, USA, 2012.
  • Maass, W., Kowatsch, T., Janzen, S., Filler, A.; Applying Situation-Service Fit to Physical Environments Enhanced by Ubiquitous Information Systems, 20th European Conf. on Information Systems (ECIS 2012), Barcelona, Spain, 2012.
  • Maass, W. & Janzen, S.; Pattern-Based Approach for Designing with Diagrammatic and Propositional Conceptual Models, 6th Int. Conf. on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST 2011), Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, 2011.

References

  • Boehm, B. W. (1988), 'A Spiral Model of Software Development and Enhancement', Computer 21(5), 61--72.
  • Larman, C. & Basili, V. R. (2003), 'Iterative and incremental developments. a brief history', Computer 36(6), 47--56.
  • Larsen, T. & Naumann, J. (1992), 'An Experimental Comparison of Abstract and Concrete Representations in Systems-Analysis', Information & Management 22(1), 29-40.
  • Maass, W. & Janzen, S. (2012), Design Engineering by Design Knowledge and Translations, in 'Proc. of 7th Int. Conf. on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST 2012)'.
  • Negnevitsky, M. (2011), Artificial Intelligence: A Guide to Intelligent Systems, Addison Wesley.
  • Royce, W. W. (1987), Managing the development of large software systems: concepts and techniques, in 'Proceedings of the 9th international conference on Software Engineering', IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, CA, USA, pp. 328--338.
  • Russell, S. J. & Norvig, P. (1995), Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, Prentice Hall.
  • Star, S. L. & Griesemer, J. R. (1989), 'Institutional Ecology, `Translationsʼ and Boundary Objects: Amateurs and Professionals in Berkeley's Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, 1907-39', Social Studies Of Science 19(3), 387--420.
  • Winograd, T. & Flores, F. (1986), Understanding Computers and Cognition: A New Foundation for Design, Intellect Books.

Related publications

Maass, W. & Janzen, S.

Towards Design Engineering of Ubiquitous Information Systems, 7th Int. Conf. on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST 2012), Las Vegas, USA, 2012.
BibTeX

Maass, W., Kowatsch, T., Janzen, S., Filler, A.

Applying Situation-Service Fit to Physical Environments Enhanced by Ubiquitous Information Systems, 20th European Conf. on Information Systems (ECIS 2012), Barcelona, Spain, 2012.
JQR-Rating: B JQR-Index: 7.37
PDF (1.15 MB) - BibTeX

Maass, W. & Varshney, U.

Design and Evaluation of Ubiquitous Information Systems and Use in Healthcare, Decision Support Systems, 2012(1), pp. 597–609.
JQR-Rating: B JQR-Index: 7.16; Impact Factor: 2.201
BibTeX

Maass, W. & Janzen, S.

Pattern-Based Approach for Designing with Diagrammatic and Propositional Conceptual Models, 6th Int. Conf. on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST 2011), Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, 2011.
PDF (360 KB) - BibTeX